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A – Race and ethnicity are indicators of complex social processes that stratify individuals and provide differential access to opportunities and resources (American Sociological Association). Veterans may also face challenges re-entering civilian life after they complete their military service and individuals with disabilities are employed at rates well under their availability. Collecting data about ethnicity, race, veteran status, and disability enables OSU and the federal government to track demographic changes, evaluate equity between groups, monitor progress in rectifying inequities, and meet civil rights commitments and obligations.
A – The U.S. Government considers race to be a group of socially-defined categories which are not based on any scientific, biological, or genetic criteria.
A—Race categories used by the federal government and U.S. society have changed a number of times to reflect changing social attitudes. For example, a person who was included in the Asian category (from the Indian sub-continent) in 1980 and 1990 might have been listed as Hindu in 1920-1940, Other race in 1950-1960, and White in 1970 (U.S. Census).
A—The U.S. Government considers ethnicity to be the heritage, nationality group, lineage, or country of birth of a person or a person 's parents or ancestors before their arrival in the U.S. (U.S. Census).
A—One of the oldest identity groups in the United States, Hispanic/Latino ethnicity has been tracked by the U.S. Government over the last 40+ years. This continues to be the only ethnicity explicitly tracked, and is now one of our most rapidly changing demographics. Defined as “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin, regardless of race,” people who identify as Hispanic/Latino were unable to designate a race prior to this change, since ethnicity and race were grouped together.
A—This group is defined as “people having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.” The previous practice grouped all Asians and all Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders—comprising many different groups with different political, socio-economic, educational, and health concerns—into a single racial category. This practice misrepresented the civil rights, educational, and socio-economic circumstances of Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, because their particular information was lost in the larger aggregate.
A—The definition for this group has been changed to clarify that it includes the original peoples of Central and South America.
A—Over the last three decades, the number of multi-racial families with children has more than quadrupled in the U.S. census. The old requirement—to select only one race—in effect required individuals to deny the rest of their heritage. The new system allows each individual to select all races that apply (from among the available options).
A—The Vietnam Era Veteran’s Readjustment Act (VEVRA) included a provision to “sunset” or discontinue the category of “Vietnam-era veteran.” When the VEVRA was originally enacted, Vietnam vets faced difficult circumstances including stereotyping and other forms of discrimination. Now, 34 years after the US final departure from Saigon, the Vietnam War is understood differently and military service in Vietnam is no longer stigmatized. As a consequence of this change, however, some veterans who performed non-combat service during the Vietnam era and once were considered Vietnam-era veterans are not included in the revised veteran categories.
A—In 2002, the Jobs for Veterans Act (JVA)confirmed the change to discontinue the separate Vietnam-era vet status, but added a new category—Armed Forces Service Medal Veteran—that would include many vets who had previously been identified as “Vietnam-era.” This category is defined as “any veteran who, while serving on active duty in the Armed Forces, participated in a United States military operation for which a service medal was awarded pursuant to Executive Order 12985.”
A—Since the Persian Gulf War and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, there has been a large upswing in the availability of recently-separated veterans entering (or re-entering) the workforce. Veterans are now asked to indicate their separation date if they have separated from active duty within the last three years; this allows the federal government (and OSU) to determine whether their re-entry into the workforce is occurring at the rate we would expect given their availability.
A—You may contact:
Affirmative Action Manager
OSU Office of Equal Opportunity and Access OR OSU Office of Equal Opportunity and Access
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